Wishing you all a very Happy New Year and welcome to the first edition of All-island Obesity News for 2014. This edition is once again packed full with news, events, research updates and training opportunities and as usual, the first section contains information directly submitted by Forum members including a spotlight piece from safefood.
The Forum will host its next workshop in Belfast on the 17th June, this will focus on maternal obesity and further details will be announced over the coming weeks. I would encourage you to circulate All-island Obesity News among your colleagues and to share your work via this publication by submitting any relevant news items to Laura Keaver at email@example.com
Chief Executive, safefood and Chair, All-island Obesity Action Forum
Minutes of Forum meetings, events and further details about the Forum can be accessed on the All-island Obesity Action Forum webpage
What's in this issue?
If you would like to subscribe to or include any information in this bi-monthly e-bulletin please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Childhood Obesity Campaign
Safefood’s childhood obesity campaign, which launched in October, 2013, urged parents to make practical changes to everyday lifestyle habits such as portion sizes, drinks and screen time to make a big difference to the health and wellbeing of children and combat the island’s high levels of childhood overweight and obesity. Our initial messages focussed on portion size and decreasing consumption of sugar sweetened beverages.
Prior to the campaign launch, 1 in 21 parents of 1-12 year olds on the island of Ireland had never tried to reduce the level of juice/fizzy drink consumption of their child. Furthermore, 6 in 10 parents claimed fizzy drinks, fruit juices and cordials were the most popular drinks at mealtimes. After viewing our drinks TV ad
, 97%2 of parents believed they need to start giving their children more water instead of fizzy drinks, juices and cordial
Only 16%1 of parents of 1-12 year olds considered eating smaller portions as a way of improving the eating habits of their children before the campaign. 92%2 of parents who viewed our portions TV ad now believe they need to start cutting down on the size of their children’s portions.
This year’s campaign messages will focus on increasing physical activity and decreasing the intake of treat foods.
1Safefood Benchmark survey of 900 people on the island of Ireland (safefood / Millward Brown Lansdowne, October 2013)
2Safefood ad testing survey of 405 people on the island of Ireland (safefood / Millward Brown Lansdowne, December 2013)
Forum Member Updates
- Food Standards Agency (NI)
On Thursday 16th January FSA in NI attended an IFST meeting in conjunction with the British Psychological Society, College of Agriculture Food and Rural Enterprise (CAFRE) and Food Standards Agency (FSA). The meeting, Your Role in a healthier Northern Ireland- Part 2 was an opportunity to see what work has been done since last year’s meeting. Throughout the afternoon delegates received presentations from Katherine Appleton- University of Bournemouth, Gemma Faulkner- formerly University of Ulster, Karen Tonks- Tesco, Dr Mary Flynn- FSAI and Sharon Gilmore- FSA in NI. Topics such as the psychology and physiology of portion control, the retail view and the all-island perspective on Calorie control and nutrition labelling were all discussed.
Belfast Healthy Cities
Celebrating 25 Years of Belfast as a World Health Organization Healthy City: Maria Jennings and Sinéad Furey attended Belfast Healthy Cities’ 25th Anniversary Awards where we sponsored the Healthy and Sustainable Food Award. Attendees received a presentation celebrating Belfast’s health equity and sustainability advances since becoming a World Health Organization Healthy City25 years ago and awards were presented in the following categories: Sustainable Environments: Patterns of the City – Arts Care; Child Friendly Spaces: Little Ligonielers; Healthy Ageing: Unlocking Potential – Volunteer Now Active Living: Green Gym; Promoting Health Equity: Healthy Hearts in the West Initiative and Traveller Health and Wellbeing Project (joint winners); Healthy and Sustainable Food (sponsored by FSA in NI): Belfast Food Swop.
FSA in NI has commissioned (23 December 2014) Kantar Worldpanel to analyse household food and drink purchasing and nutrient data to inform the Dietary Health evidence base in Northern Ireland. This includes ongoing monitoring of the population food and nutrient intakes, tracking marker foods in the obesity prevention strategy, informing the FSA on its work with industry and tracking progress on product reformulation. Household food and drink purchases will be analysed against an agreed list of 31 different food product categories and outputs will include a Nutrient Summary Report and analyses by spend, price and promotions; socio-economic status and other consumer measures including frequency/average weight of purchase; price).
Food Poverty Research Call
The FSA in NI’s rapid evidence assessment “Understanding Food in the Context of Poverty, Economic Insecurity and Social Exclusion” was issued as an open research call on 2 January 2014. Proposals are required to be submitted by 3 February 2014 and should discuss evidence in regards to the specific Northern Ireland context and next steps for the FSA to NI to address the issues of food poverty including how wider lessons from fuel poverty might be applicable to food; any gaps in the evidence and where future research might be best directed; and recommendations for policy makers regarding the policy implications of the findings in collaboration with FSA in NI colleagues and our Working Group.
- The NCRC Children's Health Research Seminar
A seminar will take place on March 5th in University College Cork to highlight NCRC Funded Children’s research. Primary results of the Cork Children’s Lifestyle Study will be presented for the first time. The overall aim of CCLaS , was to estimate the current prevalence of childhood obesity in Cork School Children, and to explore the determinants of childhood obesity. Over 1,000 children took part in the study between April 2012 and June 2013. This study has provided us with very detailed health and lifestyle information on the children, including diet and physical activity. It was also the first study of its kind in Ireland to estimate dietary salt intake and blood pressure in 8-11 yr old children. Results from other NCRC-funded children’s studies ‘The Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort’,and ‘Pediatric Emergency Medicine Research’ will also be presented on the day. For further information can contact Mairead Madigan at email@example.com or telephone 021-4205505
When: Wednesday March 5th, 2014
Where: Room G_06, Brookfield Health Sciences Complex, University College Cork, College Rd,
University College Cork.
RSVP: By Wednesday 19th February, 2014 to Ms Mairead Madigan at firstname.lastname@example.org or telephone 021-4205505
- Association for the Study of Obesity in Ireland
ASOI members participated in a European survey on the Management of Clinical Obesity throughout Europe. Report will be released over the coming month. ASOI was delighted to learn that members of ASOI gave the greatest response in the European region.
ASOI conference on stigma will be held in Belfast on May 9th 2014 and will address the issue of obesity stigma and discrimination. See www.asoi.info for details over the coming weeks.
ASOI Committee are involved in developing the scientific programme for the 2014 European Congress on Obesity
. http://eco2014.easo.org/ and paediatric members will participate in teaching local Bulgarian clinicians how to clinically assess and manage childhood obesity.
ASOI has linked with An Taisce to promote the importance of child health with regard to planning and zoning regulations. Particular attention is being given to the planning of fast-food outlets near schools. Se
e http://www.pleanala.ie/casenum/242381.htm for details. ASOI members participated in the Clinical Update on Obesity at the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland - webcasts are available around the country.
- The Institute of Public Health in Ireland (IPH)
Have you visited the Health Well’s Obesity Hub? The Obesity Hub aims to support policy-makers and practitioners working to prevent and manage obesity across the island of Ireland. It does this by providing practical and strategic support to the health departments and health and social care service agencies in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. It is managed in collaboration with the HRB Centre for Health and Diet Research (RoI) and the UKCRC Centre of Excellence for Public Health (NI) and the co-operation of key organisations throughout the island. If you have any queries please contact us at email@example.com
The Health Well’s new Data Visualiser Tool allows you to explore obesity-related indicators using a variety of charts and maps. A central aim of The Health Well is to increase access and use of numerical data. The Health Well holds a large number of data tables, collated by IPH and its partners that cover a wide range of health topics, including obesity. You can look at the relationships between indicators and see how those relationships are modified by other variables in the data table. To access the Data Visualiser Tool
, click here or contact us on firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Follow @ObesityHub on twitter to keep up to date with the very latest obesity-related news, reports, research and events taking place or visit our Spotlights page on the website.
10.12.13: Randomized controlled pilot study testing use of smartphone technology for obesity treatment. The major goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of theoretically based behavioural interventions delivered by smartphone technology. Read the full text in the Journal of Obesity.
18.12.13: Three-year follow-up of 3-year-old to 5-year-old children after participation in a multidisciplinary or a usual-care obesity treatment program. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term effects of a multidisciplinary treatment program with a usual-care program in seventy-five 3- to 5-year-old overweight or obese children who had participated in a randomized controlled clinical trial. Read the abstract in Clinical Nutrition.
27.12.13: Using small-area analysis to estimate county-level racial disparities in obesity demonstrating the necessity of targeted interventions. This study provides information needed to target disparities interventions and resources to the local areas with greatest need and it also identifies the necessity of doing so. Read the abstract in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
29.12.13: Impact of social pressure on stereotypes about obese people. This study was designed to test the effects of different types of influence on the expression of stereotypes towards people who are obese. Read the abstract on Springer Link.
29.12.13: The 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids' community randomized controlled trial: A community-based healthy lifestyle program for fathers and their children. The objective for this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids (HDHK)' program when delivered by trained facilitators in community settings. Read the abstract in Science Direct.
31.12.13: 10-Year Outcomes of the Vertical Transected Gastric Bypass for Obesity: a Systematic Review. The purpose of this study was to look at how the choice of gastric band surgery has improved weight loss and comorbidities. Read the abstract on Springer Link.
January 2014: Childcare outdoor renovation as a built environment health promotion strategy: evaluating the preventing obesity by design intervention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Preventing Obesity by Design (POD), a childcare centre outdoor renovation intervention. Read the abstract in the American Journal of Health Promotion.
January 2014: Healthy strategies for successful weight loss and weight maintenance: a systematic review. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the evidence available for successful diet strategies for weight loss and weight maintenance among adults. Read the abstract in the Journal of Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism.
January 2014: Calorie awareness related to weight control. This study investigates whether awareness and understanding of calories can help empower individuals to make healthful food choices. Read the full text in the journal of Continuing Education in Nursing.
02.1.14: Changes in weight and health-related quality of life: The Doetinchem Cohort Study. This study examined the association between weight changes and changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in a population-based sample of 2005 men and 2130 women aged 26-70 years. Read the abstract in the British Medical Journal.
06.1.14: Outcomes of a specialist weight management programme in the UK National Health Service: prospective study of 1838 patients. The aim was to evaluate a large National Health Service (NHS) weight management service and report absolute and proportional weight losses over 12 months. Read the abstract on PubMed.
07.1.14: A Systematic Approach to Evaluating Public Health Training: The Obesity Prevention in Public Health Course. This article presents the systematic approach the Centre of Excellence for Training and Research Translation (Centre TRT) used both to assess practitioners' competencies to lead public health obesity prevention initiatives and to evaluate its annual, competency-based obesity prevention course. Read the abstract on PubMed.
07.1.14: How Accurate is Web-Based Self-Reported Height, Weight, and Body Mass Index in Young Adults? This study aimed to validate online self-reported height, weight, and calculated BMI against objectively measured data in young Australian adults. Read the full text in the Journal of Medical Internet Research.
09.1.14: Can the relationship between ethnicity and obesity-related behaviours among school-aged children be explained by deprivation? A cross-sectional study. The aim of this study was to examine ethnicity as a predictor of obesity-related behaviours among children in England, and to assess whether the effects of ethnicity could be explained by deprivation. Read the full text in the BMJ Open.
09.1.14: Age-Related Consequences of Childhood Obesity. This review outlines the evidence for childhood obesity as a predictor of adult obesity and obesity-related disorders, thereby emphasizing the importance of early intervention to prevent the onset of obesity in childhood. Read the abstract in Gerontology.
10.1.14: Stage 1 Treatment of Pediatric Overweight and Obesity: A Pilot and Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial. Staged clinical treatment of pediatric obesity is recommended, but untested. Understanding the lowest intensity stage's effectiveness is necessary for future research. Read the abstract in Liebert Open Access.
13.1.14: A systematic review of the influence of the retail food environment around schools on obesity-related outcomes. This systematic review investigates associations between food outlets near schools and children's food purchases, consumption and body weight. Read the abstract in Obesity Reviews.
14.1.14: The Use of mHealth to Deliver Tailored Messages Reduces Reported Energy and Fat Intake. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of daily feedback (DFB) messages, delivered remotely, on changes in dietary intake. Read the abstract in PubMed.
14.1.14: The influence of the Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative: Change in children's exposure to food advertising on television in Canada between 2006-2009. The objective of this study was to assess whether children's exposure to television food/beverage advertising has changed since the implementation of the self-regulatory Canadian Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CAI). Read the abstract in the International Journal of Obesity.
15.1.14: Social Stress at Work and Change in Women's Body Weight. The current study investigated the impact of changing working conditions - specifically social stressors, demands, and control at work - on women's change in weighted Body-Mass-Index over the course of a year. Read the abstract in Industrial Health.
15.1.14: Weighing children; parents agree, but GPs conflicted. The objective of this study was to Compare GP insights on weighing children with the experience of parents whose children had been weighed. Read the abstract in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
15.1.14: Measuring growth and obesity across childhood and adolescence. This paper aims to review the research on growth-related variations in body composition and proportions, together with how national references for percentage body fat, skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and leg/trunk length have been developed. Read the abstract in the Proceedings of the Nutrition Society.
15.1.14: Cost-utility analysis of a randomized controlled weight loss trial among lactating overweight/obese women. The aim was to make a cost-utility analysis of a dietary behaviour modification treatment alongside usual care, compared to usual care alone, among lactating overweight and obese women. Read the abstract In BMC Public Health.
16.1.14: Diet-Beverage Consumption and Caloric Intake Among US Adults, Overall and by Body Weight. This study examined national patterns in adult diet-beverage consumption and caloric intake by body-weight status. Read the abstract In the American Journal of Public Health.
17.1.14: A systematic review of persuasive marketing techniques to promote food to children on television. This review identifies the most frequently documented persuasive marketing techniques to promote food to children via television. Read the abstract in Obesity Reviews.
17.1.14: Associations between predictors of children's dietary intake and socioeconomic position: a systematic review of the literature. This systematic review explored whether dietary predictors vary for children of different socioeconomic circumstances. Read the abstract in Obesity Reviews.
21.1.14: Do weight management programmes delivered at professional football clubs attract and engage high risk men? A mixed-methods study. Football Fans in Training (FFIT), a men-only weight management programme delivered to groups of men at top professional football clubs, encourages men to lose weight by working with, not against, cultural ideals of masculinity. The current study explored who is attracted to FFIT and why overweight/obese men choose to take part. Read the full text in BMC Public Health.
21.1.14: Promotion of a healthy lifestyle among 5-year-old overweight children: health behaviour outcomes of the 'Be active, eat right' study. This study evaluates the effects of an intervention performed by youth health care professionals on child health behaviours. Read the abstract in BMC Public Health.
22.1.14: The clustering of diet, physical activity and sedentary behavior in children and adolescents: a review. This paper reviews studies using empirical, data-driven methodologies, such as cluster analysis (CA) and latent class analysis (LCA), to identify clustering patterns of diet, PA and sedentary behavior among children or adolescents and their associations with socio-demographic indicators, and overweight and obesity. Read the full text in the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.
30.12.13: Eating Patterns, Diet Quality and Energy Balance: A Perspective about Applications and Future Directions for the Food Industry. This study looks at how the food industry has adapted over the years as dietary guidelines change. Read the full text on Science Direct.
02.1.14: Menu-Labelling Usage and Its Association with Diet and Exercise: 2011 BRFSS Sugar Sweetened Beverage and Menu Labelling Module. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association between menu-labelling usage and healthy behaviours pertaining to diet (consumption of fruits, vegetables, sodas, and sugar-sweetened beverages) and exercise. Read the full text in Preventing Chronic Disease.
10.1.14: Eating frequency in relation to body mass index and waist circumference in British adults. This cross-sectional study examined the association of energy frequency (EF) with BMI and waist circumference (WC), by focusing on the confounding of energy misreporting and the effect of exclusion of under reporters. Read the abstract in the International Journal of Obesity.
13.1.14: The family partners for health study: a cluster randomized controlled trial for child and parent weight management. The purpose of this study was to test a two-phased nutrition and exercise education, coping skills training, and exercise intervention program for overweight or obese low-income ethnic minority 2nd to 4th grade children and their parents in rural North Carolina, USA. Read the abstract in PubMed.
16.1.14: Are dietary interventions effective at increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among overweight children? A systematic review. This is a systematic review of literature of interventions to increase fruit and/or vegetable consumption in overweight or obese children and adolescents was conducted, applying a free-text strategy with a set of search terms. Read the abstract in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
Physical Activity Research
20.12.13: The Impact of Obesity and Exercise on Cognitive Aging. In this review, the relationship between obesity, cognitive aging, and related dysfunctions are examined. Potential neural mechanisms underlying such relationship are described and it is proposed that cost-effective exercises can be employed to cope with obesity and cognitive declines in older adults. Read the full text in PubMed.
27.12.13: The Neighborhood Energy Balance Equation: Does Neighborhood Food Retail Environment + Physical Activity Environment = Obesity? The CARDIA Study. This study estimated joint, interactive, and cumulative impacts of neighborhood food retail and PA environment characteristics on body mass index (BMI) throughout early adulthood. Read the full text on PLOS one.
January 2014: Fitness vs. Fatness on All-Cause Mortality: A Meta-Analysis. The purpose of this study was to quantify the joint association of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and weight status on mortality from all causes using meta-analytical methodology. Read the abstract in Progress of Cardiovascular Disease.
08.1.14: Watching sport on television, physical activity, and risk of obesity in older adults. This study examined the association between watching sport on TV, physical activity levels, and risk of obesity as Television (TV) viewing has been associated with obesity although the effects of specific TV content on health and other behaviours remains unknown. Read the full text in BMC Public Health.
13.1.14: School-Based Health Promotion and Physical Activity During and After School Hours. Comprehensive school health (CSH) is a multifaceted approach to health promotion. A key objective of CSH is to foster positive health behaviors outside of school. This study examined the 2-year change in physical activity during and after school among students participating in a CSH intervention in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Read the abstract in Pediatrics.
Resources and Publications
Early Years - the organisation for young children, is offering families the chance to take part in a free programme, known locally as the Family Health Initiative. This programme helps support families with children aged 0-5 (Prevention Programme) and children aged 8-11 (Management Programme) to become healthier and get more active together. For further information or to view gallery visit the Early Years website
Healthy Ireland - A Framework for Improved Health and Wellbeing 2013 – 2025. Healthy Ireland, a new government framework for action to improve the health and wellbeing of people living in Ireland. It has been developed in response to rising levels of chronic illness, lifestyle trends that threaten health and persistent health inequalities. Read full text online.
Physical Activity and Nutrition Intervention (PANI) Tool. The PANI Tool promotes awareness of physical activity and nutrition activities taking place across Ireland, Northern Ireland and Britain and can be accessed via the IPH’s Health Well Website. The Tool is now being updated continuously in collaboration wit
h ASOI and the Public Health England Obesity Knowledge and Intelligence Team (formerly NOO). The homepage is now more user-friendly allowing visitors to use the tool without being logged in. We have also added in a new
‘browse-by-map’ function allowing users to search interventions by the geographical region they are interested in. To include your intervention on the PANI Tool, just complete our questionnaire
. For more information, please contact Fiona O’Shea
Health Impact of Physical Inactivity (HIPI) Tool (UK). HIPI has been developed to estimate how many cases of certain diseases could be prevented in each local authority in England, if the population aged 40-79 were to engage in recommended amounts of physical activity. HIPI uses estimates of local levels of physical activity from the Sport England Active People survey. It models the potential benefit from increased levels of physical activity for each local authority.
Little Steps, Little Steps is a step-by-step guide to eating well and being active for families. Designed to help support and empower parents and guardians as role models for children, the resource aims to show that by adopting small changes, to food habits and physical activity can have a big impact over time and lead to a healthier future.
Weigh2Live, The Weigh2Live resource focuses on free, independent advice for losing weight (and keeping it off) in a healthy and sustained way. Users can monitor their progress by using the weight and goal tracker, and food and activity diaries; this information is stored in a secure environment and can be updated on a regular basis. The resource also offers practical advice on healthy eating whether at home or when eating out, tips on food shopping, understanding food portions, and healthy recipes.
Obesity Learning Centre (OLC) – Th
is a website for anyone who works to fight obesity. The OLC has updates on the latest news and resources, including a series of case studies of local obesity initiatives. Visit the site to sign up to receive the latest weekly obesity and other public health news through our eNews Briefing, and a quarterly update of new case studies and resources from the OLC. The OLC is also accepting submissions of new case studies, so if you have an example of a local obesity initiative that you’d like to share, get in touch by emailing Jennifer.email@example.com
All-island Obesity Action Forum Members
Full details of members can be found on the Forum page of the safefood website